June in the Garden
May was a very successful month for us and the weather changed just at the right time as we had about 15,000 plants that were waiting to be planted out. With the ground finally dry enough to cultivate we were able to get round to plant the onions which was 3 or 4 weeks later than we had hoped. However, when we started to plant I noticed signs of leek moth damage and at closer inspection found most of the onions to have larvae in their leaves. We decided to cut off all of the foliage as it appeared that most of the larvae had not yet got down into the bulb, and the leaves have grown back and all looks ok. In the UK leek moth is a relatively new pest, which affects all of the allium family and has two generations a year. The moth lays its eggs on the leaves of the plant in April/May and August/September. The eggs hatch and the larvae burrow through the leaves, eating for about a month before pupating. The second generation usually causes more damage and wiped out our leek crop last year (so we decided not to grow leeks this year). The adult moths then overwinter in plant debris, re-emerging in spring to start the cycle again. It is a very difficult pest to control in organic horticulture, but I have no doubt that in time natural predators will follow (as they often do in a balanced system) and the pest levels will be reduced and reach an equilibrium.
We planted all of our courgettes, squash and sweetcorn (thanks mainly to our wwoofer volunteers) as well as borlotti beans, kohl rabi, dill, basil, more spring onions, beetroot and chard. The hot weather from the middle of May meant that the tomatoes, beans and cucumbers got off to a good start and are looking very healthy. Sideshooting of tomatoes has become a weekly routine and hoeing during the dry weather has been important to keep the weeds in check.
During June we will continue to plant more French beans, runners and drying cannelini and our second batch of lettuce as well as various other successional plantings. We also plan to undersow our squash with clover by the middle of the month to act as a green manure without having to take the land out of production. The bulk of the brassicas will be sown this month in module trays and planted where the lettuce currently are in July.
As the majority of plants are in the ground the most important thing will be to keep the weeds down and begin to harvest more interesting things this month, with wet garlic continuing, spring onions, carrots, French beans, broad beans, cucumbers, courgettes, baby beetroot, chard and possibly some new potatoes.
We will be at the Green Scythe Fair on Sunday 17th June selling some plants and veg, and will also be resuming our stall outside Town Mill Bakery in Lyme Regis from the 23rd June with lots more vegetable varieties.